The US Agency for International Development’s (USAID) Infant & Young Child Nutrition (IYCN) Project contributed to enhanced community- and facility-based nutrition services in Mozambique, improving the way mothers feed their infants and young children. The project supported the Ministry of Health (MOH) to advance the country’s Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI) by training providers to promote improved breastfeeding practices and align national nutrition policies with international standards.

IYCN then developed tools and job aids reflective of those standards, helping to spread consistent messages about infant and young child feeding and maternal nutrition to nutrition programs, providers, and caregivers across Mozambique. Because many Mozambicans live far from health facilities, which are often ill-equipped to meet the health needs of the surrounding population, IYCN built the capacity of community-based infant and young child feeding counseling services. In the provinces of Inhambane, Nampula, Gaza, and Sofala, IYCN sponsored training-of-trainers workshops to prepare government and nongovernmental organization (NGO) staff to train community activists in infant and young child feeding.

Finally, through a collaboration with the International Baby Food Action Network and local NGOs, the project piloted linkages between health facilities and community agents, enabling mothers and caregivers to regularly access infant feeding information from trained health workers and volunteers.


  • IYCN conducted a literature review on policies, strategies, and programs addressing infant and young child feeding and found that the activities of the MOH and other implementing agencies did not reach health workers throughout the country.
  • IYCN conducted a rapid assessment of nutrition assessment, counseling, and support services to identify staff training needs at hospitals supported by US President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief partners in three areas: Nampula, Inhambane, and Maputo Provinces.
  • The project assisted the MOH in advancing the BFHI at José Macamo and Mavalane Hospitals by creating a strategy for addressing gaps in BFHI services and adapting training manuals, social and behavior change communication materials, and monitoring and supervision tools to address the needs of health facility workers.
  • The project supported the MOH to develop a unique community component to expand the BFHI by integrating community interventions into the existing health facility-focused initiative.
  • IYCN trained 20 community activists to integrate expanded infant and young child feeding counseling and mother support group discussions into their existing outreach activities. 

Download a brief summarizing IYCN’s activities in Mozambique.

IYCN resources

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Photo: PATH/Siri Wood